This session will describe the main principles relating to synthesising study findings in a systematic review. The difference between aggregative and configurative synthetic methods will be explained. Firstly, narrative synthesis will be introduced and explained. Then, quantitative synthesis will be introduced and the main methods used to synthesise quantitative evidence will be detailed, including: meta-analysis, subgroup analysis, meta-regression, and sensitivity analysis. Finally, qualitative synthesis methods will be introduced and the main approaches detailed. Software suitable for these synthesis methods will be described.
To begin, watch the following presentation:
You can find the lecture handouts here.
Next, read the ninth chapter of the guidance from the Collaboration for Environmental Evidence here. We'll revisit sections of the CEE Guidance throughout the course. It focuses on environmental and conservation topics, but is subject agnostic, meaning that it's useful for other disciplines, too. Feel free to focus instead on the Cochrane Guidance if you work with healthcare topics.